HERTZ, GUSTAV (1887–1975), German physicist and Nobel Prize winner, son of a Jewish father. Born in Hamburg, he became an assistant in the Physical Institute at Berlin in 1913.   He was severely wounded in World War I, and subsequently worked at Eindhoven in the Netherlands. In 1925 he became professor of physics and director of the Physical Institute at Halle, and in 1928 at the Technische Hochschule. He resigned "for political reasons" in 1934, and became director of the Siemens Research Laboratory II. He remained in Germany throughout World War II and subsequently became professor of physics at the University of Leipzig in the German Democratic Republic. He and james franck were awarded jointly the Nobel Prize for physics in 1925 for their discovery of the laws governing impact between an electron and an atom. Hertz converted to Christianity. He was a nephew of Heinrich Rudolph Hertz (1857–1894), the discoverer of electromagnetic waves, who was the son of a baptized Jewish father and a Christian mother. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: N.H. Heathcote, Nobel Prize Winners in Physics (1953), 230–48. (J. Edwin Holmstrom)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hertz , Gustav — (1887–1975) German physicist A nephew of the distinguished physicist Heinrich Hertz, Gustav Hertz was born in Hamburg and educated at the universities of Munich and Berlin. He taught in Berlin and Halle before his appointment in 1928 to the… …   Scientists

  • Hertz, Gustav — ▪ German physicist in full  Gustav Ludwig Hertz  born July 22, 1887, Hamburg, Ger. died Oct. 30, 1975, Berlin, E.Ger.  German physicist who, with James Franck (Franck, James), received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925 for the Franck Hertz… …   Universalium

  • Hertz, Gustav — (1887 1975)    physicist; with James Franck,* provided proof for Max Planck s* quantum theory. Born in Hamburg, a nephew of phys icist Heinrich Hertz, he studied at Berlin,* where he was mentored by Heinrich Rubens and took a doctorate in 1911.… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Hertz, Gustav — (1887 1950)    German scientist. He was a professor at Halle and Berlin. In 1925 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for work on electrons. He was forced to resign his post after Hitler came to power. From 1945 he worked in the Soviet Union and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Hertz, Gustav — ► (1887 1975) Físico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1925, junto con J. Franck, por el establecimiento de las leyes que rigen el choque de un electrón con un átomo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gustav Ludwig Hertz — Gustav Hertz auf einer DDR Briefmarke Gustav Ludwig Hertz (* 22. Juli 1887 in Hamburg; † 30. Oktober 1975 in Ost Berlin), war ein deutscher Physiker und Nobelpreisträger und ein Neffe des allgemein bekannteren Physikers Heinrich Hertz. Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gustav Hertz — Gustav Ludwig Hertz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hertz (homonymie). Gustav Ludwig Hertz Gustav Ludwig Hertz, né à Hambourg le 22 juillet 1887 et mo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustav Ludwig Hertz — Infobox Scientist name = Gustav Ludwig Hertz imagesize = 180px caption = Gustav Ludwig Hertz (1887 1975) birth date = birth date|1887|7|22|df=y birth place = Hamburg, Germany death date = death date and age|1975|10|30|1887|7|22 death place =… …   Wikipedia

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